The Kashmir Syllabus


#TheKashmirSyllabus compiles a list of sources for teaching and learning about Kashmir. It foregrounds voices, histories, and aspirations of people from within Kashmir, and moves beyond prior scholarship that often took security studies approaches and thereby privileged the statist perspectives of India and Pakistan. This critical body of work on Kashmir allows for a lens into the broader study of the modern state, occupation, nationalism, sovereignty, militarization, social movements, resistance, human rights, international law, and self-determination.


This is an interdisciplinary working syllabus that includes academic scholarship as well as literature, memoirs, and journalistic pieces. It is an incomplete and evolving work in progress. The group hopes that this syllabus will be used by those within Kashmir studies and beyond, and that it will be useful to academics and non-academics. Although they have minimized repetition across the weekly modules, users are encouraged to think flexibly about how particular readings may also speak to multiple weekly themes across the syllabus.

Syllabus goals:

  • To understand how Kashmiris themselves have made sense of their political past, present and future, through work that centers Kashmiri experiences 

  • To foreground emerging perspectives by Kashmiri scholars, activists and artists, including women and other often marginalized voices

  • To widen disciplinary approaches to studying Kashmir, beyond international relations (IR) scholarship, which largely presents Kashmir through the statist lenses of India and Pakistan

  • To suggest paths for decolonial, transnational and anti-occupation solidarities among movements for freedom and emancipation, through a close study of the region

This syllabus is certainly not an exhaustive or comprehensive list of resources or readings, but it allows for a diverse range of teachable materials for each of the weekly themes. 


Note on updates:

The Kashmir Syllabus has been compiled by a group of researchers and students and is a work in progress. As a syllabus, it is not designed to be comprehensive or representative of all articles written on Kashmir. The SWK team is not currently making any updates to the syllabus. Thank you!



Ahmed, Binish. 2019. “Kashmir: If People You Know That Exist, Don’t Exist Anymore, Do They Still Exist?” Amnesty International India, September 30. 

Ahmed, Binish. 2019. “Call the Crime in Kashmir by its Name: Ongoing Genocide.” The Conversation, August 8. 

Aijazi, Omer. 2019. “How To Be an Ally with Kashmir: War Stories from the Kitchen.” The Conversation, August 18. 

Anand, Dibyesh. 2019. “Kashmir Is a Dress Rehearsal for Hindu Nationalist Fantasies.” Foreign Policy, August 8. 

Bhan, Mona, Haley Duschinski, and Goldie Osuri. 2019. The International Community Must Intervene on Kashmir. Open Democracy, August 14.

Chak, Farhan Mujahid. 2019.  “Kashmir, Genocide and the Spirit of Resistance.” The New Arab, August 20. 

Chak, Farhan Mujahid. 2019. “India’s Settler Colonial Project in Kashmir Should Force the World to Act.” TRT World. December 2. 

Chatterji, Angana. 2019. “SUBMISSION on Human Rights in South Asia: A Focus on Kashmir: Testimony Given to House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee On Asia, the Pacific, and Nonproliferation.” United States Congress. October 22. 

Chatterji. Angana. 2019. “Appendices to SUBMISSION on Human Rights in South Asia: A Focus on India-administered Kashmir: Testimony Given to House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and Nonproliferation.” United States Congress. October 22. 

Kanjwal, Hafsa, Ather Zia and Sameetah Agha. 2019. “Occupied Kashmir: Poetry and Disappearance.” AAWW Radio podcast with Asian American Writers Workshop, October 9. 

Malhotra, Khushdeep Kaur. 2020. “Shared Trauma Underpins Sikh-Muslim Solidarity in Kashmir.” The Wire, January 23. 

Mushtaq, Samreen. 2019. “The Violent Misogyny that Partners India’s Stripping of Kashmiri Autonomy.” TRTWorld, August 9. 

Mushtaq, Samreen. 2019. “Militarization, Misogyny, and Gendered Violence in Kashmir.” London School of Economics and Political Science blog, September 9. 

Mushtaq, Samreen and Mudasir Amin. 2019. “The Panchayati Raj System Will Be the New Instrument of India’s Control over Kashmir.” The Caravan, September 5. 

Osuri, Goldie. 2019. “Kashmiris Are Living a Long Nightmare of Indian Colonialism.” The Conversation. August 21. 

Pandit, Idrisa. 2019. “The ‘Israel Model’: The Fragile Paradise of Kashmir Faces an Existential Threat.” Middle East Eye, December 3. 

Pandit, Idrisa. 2019. “India is Escalating Kashmir Conflict by Painting It as Terrorism.” OpenDemocracy, December 2. 

Rai, Mridu. 2019. “History of Betrayals in Kashmir.” Frontline, August 30.  

Saraf, Aditi. 2019. The Lie of the Land: Why Losing Territorial Sovereignty Poses an Existential Threat to Kashmiris.” Caravan, October 1.

Zargar, Haris. 2019. “Kashmir’s Resistance Anthem.” New Frame, October 15. 

Zia, Ather. 2020. “The Hindu Rashtra Comes of Age.” Contending Modernities, January 3. 

Zia, Ather. 2019. “Straw Man Arguments and the Removal of Article 370.” University of Nottingham Asia Research Institute, Asia Dialogue blog, September 27. 

  • Bhan, Mona, Haley Duschinski, and Ather Zia. 2018. “‘Rebels of the Streets’: Violence, Protest, and Freedom in Kashmir.” In Resisting Occupation in Kashmir, edited by Haley Duschinski, Mona Bhan, Ather Zia, and Cynthia Mahmood. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

  • Duschinski, Haley, and Shrimoyee Nandini Ghosh. 2017. “Constituting the Occupation: Preventive Detention and Permanent Emergency in Kashmir.” Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 49(3): 314-337.

  • Junaid, Mohamad. 2013. “Death and Life Under Military Occupation: Space, Violence, and Memory in Kashmir.” In Everyday Occupations: Experiencing Militarism in South Asia and the Middle East, edited by Kamala Visweswaran, 158–90. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

  • Kabir, Ananya Jahanara. 2009. Territory of Desire: Representing the Valley of Kashmir. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

  • Kaul, Nitasha. 2018. “India’s Obsession with Kashmir: Democracy, Gender, (Anti-)Nationalism.” Feminist Review 119: 126-143.

  • Kaul, Suvir. 2011. “Indian Empire (and the Case of Kashmir).” Economic & Political Weekly 46(13).

  • Malik, Inshah. 2018. “Kashmiri Desire and Digital Space: Queering National Identity and the Indian Citizen” in Queering Digital India: Activisms, Identities, Subjectivities, edited by Rohit K. Dasgupta and Debanuj DasGupta. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

  • Misri, Deepti. “Dark Ages and Bright Futures: Youth, Disability and Time in Kashmir.” Public Culture, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2020.

  • Osuri, Goldie. 2017. “Imperialism, Colonialism and Sovereignty in the (Post)colony: India and Kashmir.” Third World Quarterly 38(11): 2428-2443.

  • Wani, Mannan. 2018. “Words Matter! Mannan Wani writes an open letter.” Kashmir Lit. 

  • Wani, Mannan. 2018. “Words Matter! Mannan Wani writes a second letter.” Kashmir Lit. 

  • Acardi, Dean. 2018. “Orientalism and the Invention of Kashmiri Religion(s).” International Journal of Hindu Studies 3(22).

  • Ankit, Rakesh. 2018. “Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah of Kashmir, 1965-1975: From Externment to Enthronement.” Studies in Indian Politics 6(1): 88-102.

  • Ankit, Rakesh. 2016. The Kashmir Conflict: From Empire to the Cold War, 1945-66. London: Routledge.

  • Dar, Fayaz A and Amir Kumar. 2015. “Marginality and Historiography: The Case of Kashmir’s History.” Economic & Political Weekly 50(39).

  • Faheem, Farrukh. 2018. “Interrogating the Ordinary: Everyday Politics and the Struggle for Azadi in Kashmir.” In Resisting Occupation in Kashmir, edited by Haley Duschinski, Mona Bhan, Ather Zia, and Cynthia Mahmood. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

  • Fareed, Rifat. 2017. “The Forgotten Massacre that Ignited the Kashmir Dispute.” Al Jazeera English, November 6. 

  • Junaid, Mohamad and Hafsa Kanjwal. 2019. Resisting Occupation: A Teach In,” March 18. 

  • Junaid, Mohamad. 2019. “We, the water-born- a political history in thirty scenes. Wande Magazine, February 12. 

  • Kanjwal, Hafsa. 2018. “Reflections on the Post-Partition Period: Life Narratives of Kashmiri Muslims in Contemporary Kashmir.” Himalaya 38(2): 40-60.

  • Kanth, Idrees. 2018. “The Social and Political Life of a Relic: The Episode of the Moi-e-Muqaddas Theft in Kashmir, 1963-1964.” Himalaya 38(2): 61-75.

  • Kanth, Idrees. 2011. “Writing Histories in Conflict Zones,” Economic & Political Weekly 46(26-27).

  • Kaul, N. (2013) “Kashmir: A Place of Blood and Memory”, in Sanjay Kak (ed.) Until My Freedom Has Come: The New Intifada in Kashmir, Chicago: Haymarket Books, pp. 189-212.

  • Kaul, Suvir. 2011. “” An’ You will Fight, Till the Death of It…”: Past and Present in the Challenge of Kashmir.” Social Research: An International Quarterly 78: 1: 173-202.

  • Lone, Fozia Nazir. 2018. Historical Title, Self-Determination and the Kashmir Question: Changing Perspectives in International Law. Leiden and Boston: Brill.

  • Noorani, A. G. 2011. Article 370: A Constitutional History of Jammu and Kashmir. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

  • Para, Altaf Hussain. 2018. The Making of Modern Kashmir: Sheikh Abdullah and the Politics of the State. New York: Routledge. 

  • Parey, Firdous Hameed. 2018. “The Ranbir Newspaper: As an Advocate of the Freedom Struggle in Jammu and Kashmir from 1924-1950.” International Journal of Social Sciences Review 6(8): 1533-1535.

  • Rai, Mridu. 2004. Hindu Rulers, Muslim Subjects: Islam, Rights and the History of Kashmir. London: Hurst.

  • Rai, Mridu. 2018. “The Indian Constituent Assembly and The Making Of Hindus And Muslims In Jammu And Kashmir.” Asian Affairs 49(2): 205-221.

  • Rai, Mridu. 2019. “Kashmiris in the Hindu Rashtra.” in Majoritarian State: How Hindu Nationalism is Changing India, edited by Angana Chatterjee, Thomas Blom Hansen, and Christophe Jaffrelot, 259-280. London: Hurst and Company. 

  • Rashid, Iffat. 2019. “Of Silenced Narratives and Political Deceits: Exploding Hyper Nationalism in India and the Case of Kashmir.” Public Seminar, May 23.

  • Rashid, Iffat. 2020. “Theatrics of a ‘Violent State’ or ‘State of Violence:’ Mapping Histories and Memories of Partition in Jammu and Kashmir.” South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies. 

  • Wani, Aijaz Ashraf. 2019. What Happened to Governance in Kashmir? Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Yaqoob, Gowhar. 2019. “In Pursuit of a Nation: Conflicting Formulations of Nationalism in the Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir (1930-1940).” Inverse Journal, March 16. 

  • TRT World. The Kashmir Conflict in under Two Minutes,” October 26.  

  • Trisal, Nishita. 2015. “In Kashmir, Nehru’s Golden Chain that He Hoped Would Bind the State to India Have Lost their Lustre.”, November 30. 

  • Zia, Ather. 2019. “Blinding Kashmiris: The Right to Maim and the Indian Military Occupation in Kashmir.” Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies 21(6): 773-786.

  • Aggarwal, Ravina. 2004. Beyond Lines of Control. Durhan: Duke University Press.

  • Aijazi, Omer. 2018. “Kashmir as Movement and Multitude.” Journal of Narrative Politics 4(2): 88-118.

  • Ali, Nosheen. 2012. “Poetry, Power, Protest: Reimagining Muslim Nationhood in Northern Pakistan.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 32(1): 13-24.

  • Ali, Nosheen. 2013. “Grounding Militarism: Structures of Feeling and Force in Gilgit-Baltistan.” In Everyday Occupations: Experiencing Militarism in South Asia and the Middle East, edited by Kamala Visweswaran, 85–114. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

  • Ali, Nosheen. 2016. “Kashmir and Pakistan’s Savior Nationalism.” Critical Kashmir Studies, December 27. 

  • Ali, Nosheen. 2019. Delusional States: Feeling Rule and Development in Pakistan’s Northern Frontier. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 

  • Bhan, Mona. 2016. Divide and Rule. Kindle, April 2.

  • Bharat, Meenakshi, and Nirmal Kumar, editors. 2008. Filming the Line of Control: The Indo-Pak Relationship through the Cinematic Lens. New Delhi: Routledge.

  • Gupta, Radhika. 2014. “Experiments with Khomeini’s Revolution in Kargil: Contemporary Shi‘a Networks between India and West Asia.” Modern Asian Studies 48(2): 370-398.`

  • Gupta, Radhika. 2013. “Allegiance and Alienation: Border Dynamics in Kargil.” In Borderland Lives in Northern South Asia, edited by D. Gellner. Durham: Duke University Press.

  • Hayat, Javaid. Forthcoming. Azad Jammu & Kashmir. Polity, Politics, and Power-Sharing. Pakistan: Oxford University Press.  

  • Kabir, Ananya Jahanara. 2009. “Cartographic Irresolution and the Line of Control.” Social Text 27(4(101)): 45-66.

  • Kaul, N. (2011) “On Loving and Losing Kashmir”, India International Centre (IIC) Quarterly, Special Issue on Kashmir, Winter-Spring. Co-published as a book in Ira Pande (ed.) A Tangled Web: Jammu & Kashmir, Delhi: Harper Collins India, pp 42-53.

  • Mahmud, Ershad. 2018. “The Contingencies of Everyday Life in Azad Jammu and Kashmir.” In Resisting Occupation in Kashmir, edited by Haley Duschinski, Mona Bhan, Ather Zia, and Cynthia Mahmood. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

  • Mathur, Shubh. 2013. “The Perfect Enemy: Maps, Laws and Sacrifice in the Making of Borders.” Critique of Anthropology 33 (4): 429–446.

  • Robinson, Cabeiri deBergh. 2013. Body of the Victim, Body of the Warrior: Refugee Families and the Making of Kashmiri Jihadists. Berkeley: University of California Press.

  • Smith, Sara. 2013. “In the Past, We Ate from One Plate”: Memory and the Border in Leh, Ladakh.” Political Geography 35:47-59.

  • Smith, Sara. 2012. “Intimate Geopolitics: Religion, Marriage, and Reproductive Bodies in Leh, Ladakh.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 102: 1511-1528. 

  • Snedden, Christopher. 2013. Kashmir: The Unwritten History. New Delhi: Harper Collins.

  • Sökefeld, Martin. 2018. “‘Not Part of Kashmir, but of the Kashmir Dispute’: The Political Predicaments of Gilgit-Baltistan.” In Kashmir: History, Politics, Representation, edited by Chitralekha Zutshi, 132-149. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Van Beek, M. 2003. “The Art of Representation: Domesticating Ladakhi Identity.” In Ethnic and Religious Revival and Turmoil: Identities and Representations in the Himalayas, edited by M. Lecomte-Tilouine and P. Dollfus. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

  • Wahid, Siddiq. 2001. “Ladakh: Political Convergence and Human Geography.” India International Centre Quarterly. 27/28(4/1): The Human Landscape: 215-225.

  • Zakaria, Anam. 2018. Between the Great Divide: A Journey into Pakistan-Administered Kashmir. New Delhi: Harper Collins.

  • Ather, Zia. 2019. “LoC: The Line ‘Out’ of Control in the Region of Kashmir.” American Quarterly 71(4): 1037-1043.

  • Duschinski, Haley. 2009. “Destiny Effects: Militarization, State Power, and Punitive Containment in Kashmir Valley.” Anthropological Quarterly 82(3): 691–717.

  • Duschinski, Haley. 2010. “Reproducing Regimes of Impunity: Fake Encounters and the Informalization of Violence in Kashmir Valley.” Cultural Studies 24(1): 110–32.

  • Duschinski, Haley and Bruce Hoffman. 2011. “Everyday Violence, Institutional Denial, and Struggles for Justice in Kashmir.” Race & Class 52(4): 44–70.

  • Duschinski, Haley and Mona Bhan. 2017. “Law Containing Violence: Critical Ethnographies of Occupation and Resistance.” Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 49(3): 253-267.

  • Fazili, Gowhar. 2018. “Police Subjectivity in Occupied Kashmir: Reflections on an Account of a Police Officer.” In Resisting Occupation in Kashmir, edited by Haley Duschinski, Mona Bhan, Ather Zia, and Cynthia Mahmood. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

  • Ganai, Naseer. 2018. Killed While Wandering, Mentally Challenged People Are Victims Of Kashmir Insurgency”Outlook, November 14. 

  • Ghosh, Shrimoyee Nandini and Haley Duschinski. 2017. How New Delhi uses Constitution to Control Kashmir.” Kashmir Ink, September. 

  • Ghosh, Shrimoyee Nandini. 2017. “Public Safety Act: The Making and Unmaking of the Dangerous Individual in Kashmir.” Café Dissensus, February 20. 

  • Javaid, Azaan. 2018. “Kashmir’s Infamous Prisons Are Destroying The State’s Troubled Youth. HuffPost, October 25.

  • Kak, Sanjay. 2013. “The Apparatus: Laying Bare the State’s Terrifying Impunity in Kashmir.” The Caravan: A Journal of Politics and Culture, March 1.

  • Kak, Sanjay. 2018. “Stand Up and Be Counted: Elections, Democracy, and the Pursuit of Justice in Jammu and Kashmir.” In Contesting Justice in South Asia, edited by Deepak Mehta and Rahul Roy, 157-200. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.

  • Mathur, Shubh. 2012. “Life and Death in the Borderlands: Indian Sovereignty and Military Impunity.” Race & Class 54 (1): 33–49.

  • Ahangar, Parveena. 2017. Keynote Lecture. 2017 Rafto Conference, Bergen, Norway. KashmirLit, November.

  • Ahangar, Parveena. 2019. “My Son Is One of Kashmir’s ‘Disappeared.’ When Will India Tell the Truth about Their Fate?” The Guardian, September 12. 

  • Anjum, Aaliya. 2011. The Militant in Her: Women and Resistance.” Al Jazeera, August 2. 

  • Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP) and Jammu Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society (JKCCS). 2011. “Half Widow, Half Wife? Responding to Gendered Violence in Kashmir,” July.

  • Bhan, Mona and Parvaiz Bukhari. 2017. “Inside Kashmir – A Heroic Fight for Justice.” Sapiens, May 25. 

  • Critical Kashmir Studies. 2018. Decolonial Statement on #MeToo in Kashmir. Critical Kashmir Studies, October 7. 

  • Falak, Uzma. 2018. “The Intimate World of Vyestoan: Affective Female Alliances and Companionships of Resistance in Kashmir.” In a special issue on Gender and Kashmir in Economic & Political Weekly 53(47), edited by Nitasha Kaul and Ather Zia.

  • Jha, Abishek. 2015. Beyond ‘Victimhood’: Uzma Falak’s Film On The Role Of Kashmiri Women In The Resistance.” Interview with Uzma Falak in Youth Ki Awaz. 

  • Kanjwal, Hafsa. 2018. “The New Kashmiri Woman: State-led Feminism in ‘Naya Kashmir.’” In a special issue on Gender and Kashmir in Economic & Political Weekly 53(47), edited by Nitasha Kaul and Ather Zia.

  • Kanth, Mir Fatimah. 2018. “Women in Resistance: Narratives of Kashmiri Women’s Street Protests.” In a special issue on Gender and Kashmir in Economic & Political Weekly 53(47), edited by Nitasha Kaul and Ather Zia.

  • Kaul, Nitasha and Ather Zia. 2018. “Knowing in Our Own Ways: Women and Kashmir.” In a special issue on Gender and Kashmir in Economic & Political Weekly 53(47), edited by Nitasha Kaul and Ather Zia.

  • Kaur, Khushdeep Malhotra. 2019. On Kashmiri Sikh Women and their Experiences with Militarization”. Wande Magazine, March 21. 

  • Kazi, Seema. 2011. In Kashmir: Gender, Militarization, and the Modern Nation-State. Boston: South End.

  • Kazi, Seema. 2016. “Sexual Crimes by State Personnel and Kashmir’s Case for Self-Determination.” Kashmir Narrator, May 5. 

  • Malik, Inshah. 2019. Muslim Women, Agency and Resistance Politics: The Case of Kashmir. London: Palgrave Pivot.

  • Malik, Inshah. 2018. “Protest, Death and Public Funerals: The Affective Site of Feminist Politics in Kashmir.” International Feminist Journal of Politics 20(4): 660-662.

  • Malik, Inshah. 2018. “Gendered Politics of Funerary Processions: Contesting Indian Sovereignty in Kashmir.” In a special issue on Gender and Kashmir in Economic & Political Weekly 53(47), edited by Nitasha Kaul and Ather Zia.

  • Manecksha, Freny. 2017. Behold, I Shine: Narratives of Kashmir’s Women and Children. New Delhi: Rupa Publications.

  • Misri, Deepti. 2014. “‘This Is Not a Performance’: Public Mourning and Visual Spectacle in Kashmir.” In Beyond Partition: Gender, Violence and Representation in Postcolonial India. Champaign: University of Illinois Press.

  • Mehraj, Irfan. 2015. “Censorship in Kashmir: Through the Prism of Ocean of Tears.” Contributaria, June. 

  • Mushtaq, Samreen. 2018. “Home as the Frontier.” In a special issue on Gender and Kashmir in Economic & Political Weekly 53(47), edited by Nitasha Kaul and Ather Zia.

  • Osuri, Goldie. 2018. “Reflections on Witnessing with the Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons, Kashmir.” Feminist Review 119(1): 144-153.

  • Osuri, Goldie. 2018. “Sovereignty, Vulnerability, and a Gendered Resistance in Indian-Occupied Kashmir.” Third World Thematics 3(2): 228-243. 

  • Rafiq, Zahid. 2016. “Shadows of a Dark Night.”  In Garrisoned Minds: Women and Armed Conflict in South Asia, edited by Laxmi Murthy and Mitu Varma. New Delhi: Speaking Tiger.

  • Rashid, Afsana. 2011. Widows and Half Widows: The Saga of Extra-judicial Arrests and Killings in Kashmir. New Delhi: Pharos Media and Publishing. 

  • Yousuf, Shazia. 2016. ‘‘Widowhood of Shame.” In Garrisoned Minds: Women and Armed Conflict in South Asia, edited by Laxmi Murthy and Mitu Varma. New Delhi: Speaking Tiger.

  • Zia, Ather. 2016. “The Spectacle of a Good Half-Widow: Women in Search of Their Disappeared Men in the Kashmir Valley.” Political and Legal Anthropology Review 39(2): 164–75.

  • Zia, Ather. 2019. Resisting Disappearance: Military Occupation and Women’s Activism in Kashmir. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

  • For Additional Readings, see Resource Guide for the Annual Kashmiri Women’s Resistance Day Campaign, February 23, 2018.

  • Anjum, Aliya. 2018. “Moving from Impunity to Accountability: Women’s Bodies, Identity, and Conflict-Related Sexual Violence in Kashmir.” In a special issue on Gender and Kashmir in the Economic & Political Weekly 53(47), edited by Nitasha Kaul and Ather Zia.

  • Batool, Essar, Ifrah Butt, Samreena Mushtaq, Munaza Rashid, and Natasha Rather. 2016. Do You Remember Kunan Poshpora? New Delhi: Zubaan.

  • Batool, Essar. 2018. “Sexual Violence and Patriarchy in a Militarized State.” In a special issue on Gender and Kashmir in the Economic & Political Weekly 53(47), edited by Nitasha Kaul and Ather Zia.

  • Boga, Dilnaz. 2017. “The Story I Never Got to Tell–of Rape and Torture by the Indian Army.” The Daily Vox, Feb. 4.  

  • Boga, Dilnaz. 2016. “‘We Will Not Protest This Year’- A 2007 Report from Kunanposhpora.” Sanhati, April 6. 

  • Chatterji Angana. 2012. “Witnessing as Feminist Intervention in India-Administered Kashmir.” In South Asian Feminisms, edited by Ania Loomba and Ritty A. Lukose. Durham: Duke University Press.

  • Duschinski, Haley and Bruce Hoffman. 2018. “Contesting Law, Contesting the State: Jurisdictional Authority of the Majlis-e-Mushawarat in Kashmir.” In Resisting Occupation in Kashmir, edited by Haley Duschinski, Mona Bhan, Ather Zia, and Cynthia Mahmood. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

  • Fazili, Gowhar. 2014. “Localized Agitations in a Globalized Context: A Case Study of Shopian and Bomai.” In Civil Wars in South Asia: State, Sovereignty, Development, edited by Aparna Sundar and Nandini Sundar. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.

  • Ghosh, Shrimoyee Nandini. 2014. The Kunan Poshpora Mass Rape Case: Notes from a Hearing. Warscapes, September 9. 

  • Ghosh, Shrimoyee Nandini. 2016. “How a Kashmiri Girl’s Search for a Bathroom Became Truth vs. Lie, Us vs. Them and Patriot vs. Traitor.” The Ladies Finger, July 12. 

  • Kazi, Seema. 2018. “Sexual Crimes and the Struggle for Justice in Kashmir.” In Resisting Occupation in Kashmir, edited by Haley Duschinski, Mona Bhan, Ather Zia, and Cynthia Mahmood. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 

  • Mathur, Shubh. 2012. “This Garden Uprooted: Gendered Violence, Suffering and Resistance in Indian-Administered Kashmir.” In Gender, Power, and Military Occupations: Asia Pacific and the Middle East Since 1945, edited by Christine De Matos and Rowena Ward, 217–38. London: Routledge.

  • Shah, Nazia. 2018. “Kunan Poshpora 1991.” Wande Magazine, March 9.

  • Amin, Mudasir and Iymon Majid. 2018. “Graffiti in Kashmir: Politicising the Street,” Economic & Political Weekly 53(14), April 7.

  • Baishya, Amit R. 2018. Canine Representations in Malik Sajad’s Munnu.” Critical Kashmir Studies, November 25. 

  • Baishya, Amit R. 2018. “Endangered (and Endangering) Species: Exploring the Animacy Hierarchy in Malik Sajad’s Munnu.” South Asian Review 39(1-2): 50-69.

  • Bhat, Javaid. 2019. Covering a Decade (2007-2017): Reflections on the Kashmir Cauldron and Global Affairs. Delhi: Authorspress. 

  • Bhat, Mehraj. 2017. “Everyday Uprisings: An Overview of 2016 Uprising in Kashmir.” Cafe Dissensus 32, February 20,. 

  • Dar, Huma. 2007. “Cinematic Strategies for a Porno-tropic Kashmir and Some Counter-archives.” Journal of Contemporary Thought 26: 77-110.

  • Ganai, Mohd Tahir. 2019. “Metaphors in the Political Narratives of Kashmiri Youth.” South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies 42(2): 278-300.

  • Hassan, Khalid Wasim. 2018. “From Administration to Occupation: The Re-production and Subversion of Public Spaces in Kashmir.” Third World Thematics 3(2): 212-227.

  • Junaid, Mohamad. 2013. “Stone Wars.” Guernica, August

  • Kabir, Ananya Jahanara. “The Kashmiri as Muslim in Bollywood’s ‘New Kashmir Films.’” Contemporary South Asia 18(4): 373-385.

  • Kanjwal, Hafsa. 2019. “State Violence and Youth Resistance: Perspectives from Indian-Held Kashmir.” In Political Violence in South Asia, edited by Ali Riaz, Zobaida Nasreen, and Fahmida Zaman. New York: Routledge.

  • Kanjwal, Hafsa, Durdana Bhat, and Masrat Zahra. 2018. “‘Protest’ Photography in Kashmir: Between Resistance and Resilience.” In a special issue on Protest in Women’s Studies Quarterly 46(3-4), edited by Elena Cohen, Melissa Forbis and Deepti Misri: 85-99.

  • Kaul, Suvir. 2015. Of Gardens and Graves: Essays on Kashmir/Poems in Translation. New Delhi: Three Essays Collective.

  • Kramer, Max. 2017. “Mobilizing Conflict Testimony: A Lens of Mobility for the Study of Documentary Practices in the Kashmir Conflict.” Social Sciences 6(88).

  • Kramer, Max. 2018. “At the Limit of the Personal: The Kashmir Conflict via Explorations in the Ethical Space of Film.” Interactions: Studies in Communication and Culture 9(3): 289-30.

  • Misri, Deepti. 2019. “Showing Humanity: Violence and Visuality in Kashmir.” Cultural Studies 33: 527-549.

  • Osuri, Goldie. 2019. “#Kashmir 2016: Notes toward a Media Ecology of an Occupied Zone.” South Asian Popular Culture 17(2): 111-131. 

  • Pandit, Idrisa. 2019. “Kashmir’s Children of War: Religion, Politics,and Non Violent Mobilization.” In Political Muslims: Understanding youth resistance in a global context, edited by T. Abbas and S. Hamid. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press. 

  • Pandit, Huzaifa. 2019. “Schools of Resistance: A Brief History of Student Activism in Kashmir.” Postcolonial Studies 22(1): 95-116. 

  • Sharma, Sarbani. 2020. “Labouring for Kashmir’s Azadi: Ongoing Violence and Resistance in Maisuma, Srinagar.” Contributions to Indian Sociology.

  • Bauer, Andrew and Mona Bhan. 2018. Climate without Nature: A Critical Anthropology of the Anthropocene. London: Cambridge.

  • Bhan, Mona and Nishita Trisal. 2017. “Fluid Landscapes, Sovereign Nature: Conservation and Counterinsurgency in Kashmir.” Critique of Anthropology 37(2): 67-92.

  • Bhan, Mona. 2018. “Jinn, Floods, and Resistant Ecological Imaginaries in Indian Occupied-Kashmir.” In a special issue on Gender and Kashmir in Economic & Political Weekly 53(47), edited by Nitasha Kaul and Ather Zia.

  • Dar, Zubair Ahmad. 2011-2012. “Power Projects in Jammu & Kashmir: Controversy, Law And Justice.” Harvard Law and International Development Society, Working Paper.

  • Kathjoo, Showkat. 2015. The Memory of a Deluge and the Surface of Water.” E-flux Journal: The Social Commons, July 18. 

  • Parvaiz, Athar. 2015. “Disaster in Conflict Zone, Conflict over Disaster.” The Third Pole, September 8.

  • Pirzadeh, Saba. 2018. “Topographies of Fear: War and Environmental Othering in Mirza Waheed’s The Collaborator and Nadeem Aslam’s The Blind Man’s Garden.” Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies 21(6): 892-907. .

  • Trisal, Nishita. 2017. “Improvising Demonetization in a Kashmiri Bank.” Society for Cultural Anthropology. Hot Spots: Special Series on Demonetization: Critical Responses to India’s Cash(/less) Experiment, September 27.


  • Bashir, Shahnaz. 2014. The Half Mother. Gurgaon: Hachette.

  • Bashir, Shahnaz. 2016. Scattered Souls. London: Fourth Estate.

  • Gigoo, Arvind. 2017. Gulliver in Kashmir: A Book of Cameos. Notion. (Excerpt here.)

  • Gigoo, Siddharth. 2010. The Garden of Solitude. Rupa.

  • Kaul, Nitasha. 2014. Residue. Rupa.

  • Kaul, Nitasha. 2020. Future Tense. Harper Collins India.

  • Rather, Feroz. 2018. The Night of Broken Glass. New Delhi: Harper Collins India.

  • Sajad, Malik. 2015. Munnu. London: Fourth Estate.

  • Qanungo, Nawaz Gul. 2017. Night Song. Juggernaut Books.

  • Waheed, Mirza. 2012. The Collaborator. London: Penguin.

  • Waheed, Mirza. 2014. The Book of Gold Leaves. London: Penguin. 


  • Ali, Agha Shahid. 2009. The Veiled Suite: The Collected Poems. Norton.

  • Bhat, Javaid. 2017. Scars of Summer. Srinagar: Jay Kay Books.  

  • Bhat, Javaid. 2017. Mourning Memories: Amaranth Row to the Year of Dead Eyes. Srinagar: Jay Kay Books.

  • Kathwari, Rafiq. 2015. In Another Country. Doire.

  • Pandit, Huzaifa. 2018. Green is the Colour of Memory. Srinagar: Hawakal Publishers.

Creative Nonfiction


Documentary and Film

  • Ali, Sahil and Avalok Langer. 2016. Inside a Friday Protest, Part 1 and Part 2.


Shoutout to the Puerto Rico Syllabus and the Islamophobia is Racism syllabus – in solidarity.


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